UNESCO has declared 10 World Heritage Sites, 7 inside Kathmandu Valley & 3 outside; Lumbani including Kathmandu Valley are Cultual Heriage & Chitwan National Park & Sagarmatha National Park as Natural Heritage Sites. These seven World Heritage Sites are all amazing man-made wonders still standing majestically – some of them as old as 2500 years.
Kathmandu Durbar Square:
The Kathmandu Durbar Square is the ancient seat of Malla Rulers of Kathmandu Valley. The palace complex is home to many temples and monuments of archaeological importance and reflects cultural richness prevalent during the days of Malla rulers. Some of the attractions of the Kathmandu Durbar Square are the nine-storied palace, Kastamandap temple, Kumari Ghar, Kal Bhairabh and the museum inside the palace.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square:
The Bhaktapur Durbar Square is one of the well preserved monumental zones in Kathmandu Valley. The Durbar Square is the palace complex of the ancient Malla Rulers that once ruled the three separate territories inside the Kathmandu Valley. The 55-window palace, the Golden Gate, Nyatapola, Degutale are some of the historically and culturally important monuments in Bhaktapur Durbar Square.
Patan Durbar Square:
Patan Durbar Square is the main attraction in Lalitpur, the city of fine arts. The palace complex of Malla rulers is home to well-preserved monuments of historical and cultural importance. Krishna Mandir, Keshav Narayan Chowk, Sundari Chowk, the Royal Palace and Royal Bath are the masterpieces of medieval culture. Likewise, the palace complex is home to many ancient monuments dating back to many centuries.
Bouddhanath is one of the largest stupas in entire South Asia. Situated in Bouddha, a short drive from city center, the white mound looms 36 meters overhead. Believed to have been constructed in the 5th century, there are many monasteries around the stupa as the area has been inhabited by people having faith in Buddhism. Buddhist monks on maroon robes are seen circumbulating the stupa with prayer wheels on their hands. Numerous small stupas are located at the based.
Historians believe that the history of Swoyambhunath Stupa is as old as the history of the Kathmandu Valley. It was immersed below water when the whole Kathmandu Valley was a big lake. When Manjushree cut a gorge and drained the water of the lake, a stupa was build around the lotus that emitted brilliant light. There are numerous monasteries in and around the Swoyambhunath Stupa area. The area is a landmark in Kathmandu Valley as it provides an excellent view of the Kathmandu Valley.
Pashupatinath Temple is the biggest temple complexes in South Asia. The temple is the ultimate pilgrimage for Hindus throughout the world. As a result the area is always swarmed in by Hindus from different parts of the country as well as from India. Located at the banks of holy Bagmati River, the two-storied pagoda temple of Pashupatinath, houses the five-faced statue of Lord Shiva. Apart from the main shrine, there are numerous temples dedicated to different gods and goddesses in and around the Pashupatinath temple area.
Changu Narayan Temple:
The temple of Changu Narayan located a top a hill in Bhaktapur district is dedicated to Lord Bishnu. The temple is one of the most ancient temple complexes in Nepal as it houses the inscription of Mandeva, the first historial King of Nepal. The temple, believed to have been constructed in the third century, is adorned by some of the best samples of stone, wood and metal craft. There are many statues and inscriptions in the temple area that are culturally and archaeologically important.
Lumbini is the birthplace of Lord Buddha and the fountain of World Peace. Situated in Western Nepal, Lumbini is an ancient town where old ruins of ancient city are well preserved. Lumbini has been a holy ground for Buddhists all over the world. The Peace Garden and International Monastic Zone are the other attractions of Lumbini after the Mayadevi Temple, Puskarini Pond and the historic Ashok Pillar. There are different archaeological sites around Lumbini in the likes of Tilaurakot, Kudan, Ramagrama, Niglihawa and others.
Chitwan National Park:
Chitwan National Park is one of the most preserved conservation areas in Nepal. Lying in Chitwan district along the Indian border, Chitwan National Park is home to rare one-horned rhino, Royal Bengal Tiger, Ghariyal Crocodile and different other species of flora and fauna. The park is home to more than 50 species of mammals, 525 species of birds and 55 species of reptiles and amphibians. The park consists of a diversity of eco-systems including the Churia hills and the stretched flood plains of the Rapti and Narayani River.
Sagarmatha National Park:
The Sagarmatha National Park is Nepal's most popular national park as it is home to world's tallest peak Mt. Everest or Sagarmatha. Lying in the North-Eastern part of Nepal, the park has several other prominent peaks most of which are over 6,000m. The park is full of rugged terrains, high mountain peaks, deep gorges and glaciers. The park is home to different rare species in the likes of snow leopard, wolf, lynx, red panda and black bear. Likewise, the park is also home to beautiful Sherpa villages, historic monasteries and cultural landmarks.
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